Public Limited Company

Incorporating a Public Limited Company is a suitable option for large scale businesses that require huge capital. There should be a minimum of seven members with no limit on maximum number of members/shareholders for starting a Public Limited Company. A Public Limited Company under Company Act 2013 is a company that has limited liability and offers shares to the general public. It’s stock can be acquired by anyone, either privately through (IPO) initial public offering or via trades on the stock market. A Public Limited Company is strictly regulated and is required to publish its true financial health to its shareholders.

Characteristics of Public Limited Company


  • Directors

As per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 to start a public limited company, a minimum of 3 directors are required and there is no restriction on the maximum number of directors.

  • Limited Liability

The liability of each shareholder is limited. In simple words, a shareholder of a public limited company isn’t personally responsible for any loss or debts of the company for any amount greater than the amount invested by them; contrary to partnerships and sole proprietorships, where the partners and business owners are jointly and severally liable for the debts of the business. However, this characteristic of a public limited company does not offer immunity to the shareholders. The shareholders will be held responsible for their own illegal actions.

  • Paid up capital

A public limited company is required to have a minimum paid-up capital of Rs 5 lakh or such higher amount as prescribed under the act.

  • Prospectus

A prospectus is a comprehensive statement of the affairs of the company issued by a public limited company for its public and there is a requirement under the Act for public limited companies to issue a prospectus.  However, there are no such provisions for Private Limited Companies. This is because private limited companies cannot invite the public to subscribe for their shares.

  • Name

It is a compulsory requirement under the Companies Act, 2013  for all the public companies to add the word ‘limited’ after their name.

 

Advantages of Public limited companies


More capital

Shares are offered to the general public at large i.e. anyone can invest in a public limited company. Hence, improves capital of the company.

More attention

Being listed on a stock market ensures that mutual funds, hedge funds and other traders take note of business of the company. This may result in better business opportunities for the Public Limited Company.

Spreading risk

Since the shares are sold to the public at large the unsystematic risk of the market is spread out.

Growth and expansion opportunities

Due to less risk, there is a perfect opportunity for growing and expanding the business by investing in new projects from the money raised through shares.

 

Requirements/Process for registration of Public Limited Companies


There are various rules and regulations prescribed under the companies act, 2013 for the formation of a public limited company.  Here is what you should keep in mind when registering a public limited company:

  • Minimum 7 shareholders are required to form a public limited company
  • Minimum of 3 directors is required to form a public limited company
  • The minimum share capital of Rs. 5 lakhs is required
  • Digital signature certificate (DSC) of one of the directors is needed while submitting self-attested copies of identity and address proof
  • Directors of the proposed company will need a DIN
  • An application is required to be made for the selection of the name of the company
  • An application comprising the main object clause of the company is to be made. This object clause will define what a company will pursue after its incorporation
  • Submission of the application to ROC along with the required documents like MOA, AOA, duly filled Form DIR – 12, Form INC – 7 and Form INC – 22 is needed
  • Payment of the prescribed registration fees to the ROC is required
  • After obtaining an approval from the ROC, the company should apply for the 'certificate of business commencement.'

 

Documents required for incorporating a Public Limited Company


  • Passport sized photographs of all the Directors
  • Copies of the Identity documents of all the Directors- Aadhar Card, Voter Card, PAN card
  • DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) of all the Directors
  • DIN (Director Identification Number) of all the Directors
  • In case the office is in a rented property – the rent agreement
  • In case the office is an owned place – the property ownership documents
  • The water bill and the electricity bill of the business place
  • No Objection Certificate by the Landlord
  • Memorandum of Association (MoA)
  • Articles of Association (AoA)

PACKAGES

BASIC


₹ 27,999

  • 8 Class 2 Digital Signatures a
  • 3 Director Identification Numbers
  • 1 RUN Name Approval b
  • 10 Lakh Authorized Capital c
  • Incorporation Fee
  • Stamp Duty d
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • PAN & TAN

STANDARD


₹ 54,999

  • 8 Class 2 Digital Signatures a
  • 3 Director Identification Numbers
  • 1 RUN Name Approval b
  • 10 Lakh Authorized Capital c
  • Incorporation Fee
  • Stamp Duty d
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • PAN & TAN
  • Trademark Registration
  • Online Payment Gateway e
  • GST Registration
  • ESI & PF Registration
  • Hard-copy Share Certificates
  • Commencement of Business Certificate

PREMIUM


₹ 74,999

  • 8 Class 2 Digital Signatures a
  • 3 Director Identification Numbers
  • 1 RUN Name Approval b
  • 1 Lakh Authorized Capital c
  • Incorporation Fee
  • Stamp Duty d
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • PAN & TAN
  • Trademark Registration
  • Online Payment Gateway e
  • GST Registration
  • ESI & PF Registration
  • Hard-copy Share Certificates
  • Commencement of Business Certificate
  • Complete Accounting ERP
  • Bookkeeping
  • Financial Statement Preparation
  • Annual Report
  • Director's Report
  • Board Resolution Preparation
  • MCA Annual Return Filing
  • Income Tax Return Filing
  • 12 Months GST Return Filing
  • Udyog Aadhar Registration

  • Class 2 digital signatures with 2 year validity on secure USB token.
  • Upto 4 name options can be given in 1 RUN name approval request.
  • Authorised capital is the amount of shares a company can issue at anytime and can be increased further in the future. Paid-up capital is the amount invested by shareholder and can be even Rs.2.
  • In case of Rs.10 lakh authorised capital, stamp duty of Rs.5120 (on actuals) will be chargeable extra for the state of Gujarat. Rs.5510 will be the additional stamp duty charges for state of Rajasthan. In case of incorporation in Madhya Pradesh, an additional stamp duty of Rs.7550 will be applicable. In case of incorporation in Punjab, an additional stamp duty of Rs.15025 will be applicable. In case of Kerala, an additional stamp duty of Rs.3025 will be applicable.
  • Payment gateway will be provided by Instamojo. Subject to terms and conditions of Instamojo.